Transport logistics, is that certain goods ordered to move during a specified and approved time in a particular country/city. This is possible due to the fact that make up the best route. In addition, the material costs are minimal. There are main areas of transport logistics. The first is the control of a number of operations with cargo. The second is planning and organizing the movement of cargo. The third is the preparation and provision of all necessary information.
For transport logistics a team that works in a logistics company is very important. Professionals should be aware of all the nuances of international transport laws. And also, monitor any changes in the rules of delivery of goods. Transport is also important, because it depends on it for the safety of the goods at the time of delivery and speed. Some logistics companies have their own transport, some cooperate with transport companies.
What are the main tasks of transport logistics?
All the costs of transportation actually require about 50 percent of the total amount of expenses on logistics. Because it is transport that participates in almost all logistics processes. And this requires special coordination between all parties to the transport process.
Therefore, it is possible to identify a number of basic tasks that are facing transport logistics. If you select the main tasks, it is:
- The first and very important task is the coordination between the warehouses and the representatives of the transport service. This requires the participation of specialists.
- Coordination of goods transportation systems.
- Selection of the type of transportation (air, sea, land). This step determines how quickly, financially and financially the goods will be delivered.
To serve all the tasks there are a number of principles for this type of logistics. And, the most important principle is the transportation of goods with the slightest cost in the stipulated time, without damage or deterioration.
Why transport is isolated in a separate type of logistics?
First you need to figure out what can be internal and external delivery . But, both types are interconnected and enter into a single system. That is why, transport is the basis of the delivery process. Therefore, the functionality of transport logistics is based on a quality process of storage, as well as transportation of cargo.
Moreover, both the process of storage and delivery should be beneficial according to two criteria: economically and temporarily. Moreover, this benefit should concern both the logistic company (there is no sense to work in zero or minus) and the client of such a company. But, there are some nuances, for example, in the case of greater savings, there may be time costs. For example, to save on secondary loading and unloading, you can use the storage function, but in this case the delivery time may increase significantly. But it all depends on the requirements for the urgency of the delivery of a cargo to the customer.
What are the reasons that transport has become a separate type of logistics?
Certain factors contributed to the fact that transport became a full-fledged separate part of logistics:
- The provision of appropriate services, of which a very large number. These services play a crucial role in how optimally the goods will be delivered.
- Vehicles can create a system for delivering goods that has the qualities of stability, reliability and stability.
- A rather high price for shipping. Moreover, under certain conditions, it can really reach 50% of the total logistic costs (all stages of delivery, including customs clearance of goods).
- Solving many transportation problems is required.
These factors greatly influenced the prioritization and importance of logistics.
Transportation costs and how to achieve optimality
Also, transport logistics is concerned with achieving optimal transportation costs. To achieve optimality, you must establish the perfect balance between costs and the level of quality of delivery. Also, it is important to take into account the schedule of transportation of goods and, in addition, the route. Pre-compiled route of traffic will help to calculate the number and type of vehicles.
In order to reduce the cost of vehicle costs you can take certain actions. First, create an accessible map on which all consumers are located. Secondly, make a forecast of the amount of cargo and traffic volume, make the best route and choose the type of transport. And also provide customer information and fictitious work. Transport logistics can find the best possible transportation option at a cost and time.