Intercontinental cargo transportation
In connection with the expansion and globalization of international trade, it becomes necessary to transport goods between states (шntercontinental cargo transportation). The most popular way of importing and exporting products is by sea transportation, because. the ocean makes up most of our planet, and for some countries this is the only possible option for foreign trade.
Transporting goods by water is one of the oldest methods for transporting oil products. Today there is a wide variety of vessels that allow you to transport bulk, liquid, gaseous, bulky goods, vehicles and equipment, as well as products that require special conditions to ensure safety.
Sea freight is often part of multimodal transport, which requires the use of several modes of transport, in particular rail, road and air.
Ways of delivery of goods by water
Depending on the state of the product (liquid, gaseous, bulk, solid, etc.), there is a need for different or combined vessels that provide proper conditions for storage and transportation of goods:
- bulk carriers are used for bulk materials;
- for liquid – tankers;
- bulk carriers are used for vehicles and vehicles;
- for products that require a certain storage temperature – refrigerated vessels;
- container transport, cars, timber, etc. – ro-rokers;
- for gaseous – gas carriers;
- for combined products – generalists, etc.
Benefits of sea and ocean freight
The way goods are transported by sea competes successfully with other, faster options. This is due to its reliability, practicality and low cost in comparison with other transportation options.
Of course, when using this method of transportation, the customer loses in terms, but wins in cost. Also an important point of this method is its cargo capacity. The modern shipbuilding industry takes into account the need for frequent and large-scale cargo transportation, therefore modern ships allow the simultaneous transportation of goods weighing up to 120 tons.
The likelihood of accidents in maritime business is minimal, which makes this transportation option safe and reliable. In addition, it is possible to transport any bulk, gaseous, liquid and even dangerous goods across the seas and oceans.
Transportation of goods often meets force majeure circumstances on its way, as a result of which the customer or supplier suffers losses. Sea transport and appropriate cargo insurance reduce possible risks.
These criteria make sea freight transport the most relevant and popular way of international transportation of goods.
Features of cargo transportation
Sea transport of goods requires the use of several modes of transport, including automobiles, railways or air transport. This is due to the ability of the vessel to deliver products from one port to another. And its direct delivery to the destination must be carried out by land.
Logistics companies provide for all options during transportation and take into account possible controversial points to create an optimal route. The scope of services of such companies includes the complete organization of the transportation of goods, including the necessary documentation, the establishment of transport links and the provision of additional services. Such as loading and unloading products, etc.